Once the horse has chewed food, it passes down the esophagus into the stomach. After a period of digestion in the stomach, food passes into the small intestine. At the junction of the small and large intestines is the caecum. Food passes from the small intestine into the caecum before passing into the large intestine (this is the horses fermentation chamber). The large intestine lies in the abdomen in a neatly arranged double-U formation, one "U" stacked on top of the other. This arrangement entails the food making it around a number of 180° bends.
Because this large intestine contains many bends or flexures and lies loosely with in the abdomen, the animal is prone to impactions and/or colic. These impactions can be caused by various situations from stress, drastic feed changes and quality, dehydration and ingested debris.
There are many preventative measures that we can take to avoid impactions and one of these includes the administration of Psyllium Pellets.
Psyllium pellets once ingested will travel through the horse's digestive system, as does any foodstuff. As the Psyllium travels, it begins to absorb moisture from with in the animal. This moisture begins to expand the product to a bulky mass, which will eventually exit the animal as an unabsorbed bi product. This exited psyllium will contain foreign materials that it picked up throughout the large intestine that is the cause of impactions and discomfort to the animal.
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