Pelleting is simply a process in which high quality ingredients are combined into a mixture, pressed into small bite sized pieces, which are easy for the horse to consume and absorb. Pelleting is a modern way to combine ingredients, which are concentrated and safe. The ingredients are easily absorbed into the horses system as a pellet and the entire formula is readily available. However, one should be careful in feeding pelleted supplements containing direct fed microbials. It is essential that the microbials be sprayed over the finished pelleted product instead of being mixed into the formula prior to palletizing. As a live stabilized culture, these cannot withstand pellet-press temperatures and therefore are ineffective once it becomes a finished product.
In addition, pelletizing a supplement is one way we can isolate specific concentrations with in a given serving. This is important when we are looking at formulas that include large particle size ingredients along with ingredients that are of small particle size of varying concentrations. For example, when we look at Hylauronic acid (HA) in a meal or liquid form joint heath combinations. Typically, we see the HA at levels between 10 and 30 mg per serving and the Glucosamines, MSM's and Chondroitin Sulfates levels of 1000 mg or more per serving. In order for this specific ingredient to suspend itself at the stated level, the other ingredients within the product must be of similar concentrations. In order to be assured that the horse is receiving the stated concentrations on the label, pelleting is important. A pellet suspends the ingredients and holds them together to insure the animal is receiving a consistent and uniform level of each ingredient contained within the total formula.
In a meal or even a liquid it is very difficult to insure that each serving is going to consistently contain the label stated amounts of the smaller particle ingredients. However, with formulas that are composed of equal ingredient concentrations or those that do not contain critical ingredients at a much less amount can be put into a meal form.
Overall, there are many advantages to feeding a pelleted supplement:
1. Consistency of ingredients in each serving
2. Easy and accurate to measure
3. Convenient to feed and store
4. Minimal waste
5. Mixes well with a sweet or pelleted feed
6. Very palatable when made with high quality ingredients
7. Maximum utilization and absorption by the horse
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